B: ;5:A59 >@3>O:>2 [amborg@mail.ru]

B?@02;5=>: 16 <0@B0 2019 3. 13:06

> puzankevich@2566.by

 

MB> 2AQ > =Q<...

( 07254G8:8 > A2>Q< 1>52>< B>20@8I5, 320@488 AB0@H5< A5@60=B5, 70<5AB8B5;5 :><0=48@0 @07254272>40, :020;5@5 >@45=0 @0A=>9 2574K =0B>;88 C@=0:>25).

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

 

OG5A;02 !Q<0=48@ @07254@>BK, 3. >AB>2-=0->=C:

- 0, B0:>9 1>5F A;C68; 2 <>59 @>B5. >A?><8=0=8O, 2?5G0B;5=8O B>;L:> E>@>H85. !?>:>9=K9, @0AAC48B5;L=K9. "O65AB8 2>8=A:>9 A;C61K 2 ?5@5=>A8; 4>AB>9=>. E>45 >7=0:><8B5;L=>9 15A54K O 2KOA=8;, GB> >= 87 %0:0A88, =5?;>E> AB@5;O5B. A>1>3> 2@5<5=8 =0 >1CG5=85 =5 1K;>, ?>MB> C<5=85 A@07C 8 ?@83>48;>AL. 3> ;8G=K< >@C685< 1K; 02B><0B 0;0H=8:>20 A ?@81>@0<8 4;O =>G=>3> 2845=8O 8 15AHC<=>9 AB@5;L1K.  :><0=45 ?@8E>48;>AL ?@8<5=OBL 53> ?5@2K<, GB>1K >AB0BLAO =570<5G5==K<8 8 =5CO728 2@54>2.

 

235=89 !5;57=Q2, 3. >2>@>AA89A::  

- 0:>9-B> ?@><56CB>: 2@5<5=8 >= 1K; 70 :><0=48@0 =0H59 . ><=N, GB> ?0@5=L 1K; B>;:>2K9. @54K4CI89 :><0=48@ >B45;5=8O 8:B>@ 0A8;8C 701>;5; 65;BCE>9, 8 53> =0 ;5G5=85 >B?@028;8 2 !>N7. ">;8: AB0; =0 53> <5AB>. / 1K; =02>4G8:><->?5@0B>@>< =0 -2, 45<>18;87>20;AO 2 <05 1983 3>40.

 

*    *    *

 

=0B>;89 C@=0:>2 @>48;AO 2 =51>;LH>9 45@52=5 5@E=OO "QO A:87A:>3> @09>=0 5A?C1;8:8 %0:0A8O. 15-B8 :8;><5B@0E >B 45@52=8 2 B0935 68; 53> 454. A5 2KE>4=K5 4=8 8 :0=8:C;K ">;O ?@>2>48; C =53>. 54 3=0B 1K; 7=0<5=8BK< =0 2AN >:@C3C >E>B=8:><. 0 53> AG5BC 1>;55 70-B8 C18BKE <54254O. !B0@8: <>3 7020;8BL E>7O8=0 B0938 4065 87 <0;>:0;815@=>9 28=B>2:8 "-8. = 8 2=C:0 =0CG8; E>@>H> AB@5;OBL. ">;O <>3 ?>?0ABL 2 3>@;>28=C ;560I59 1CBK;:8 8 2 ;57285 =>60. "0: >E>B=8:8 ?@>25@ONB 8 ?@8AB@5;820NB @C6LO. !2>53> ?5@2>3> <54254O ">;O 4>1K;, :>340 5 15 ;5B.    

 

*    *    *

 

0A8;89 @8A0, 3. 5@CA0;8<:

- ><=N, ">;8: @0AA:07K20;, :0: >= A> A2>8< 454>< E>48; =0 >E>BC, GB> 454 <>3 4065 87 <5;:0H:8 C18BL <54254O. 0AB0G820; ?C;N 8 AB@5;O; 2 ?>4<54254N. K C482;O;8AL 8 3>2>@8;8, :0: <>6=> ?>?0ABL 2 ?>4;8: >B25G0;, GB>, ?@81;8782H8AL : G5;>25:C, <54254L 2AB0QB =0 704=85 ;0?K 8 ?>4=8<05B ?5@54=85. >B BCB 454CH:0 8 AB@5;O;. 0 =0H 2>?@>A 5A;8 ?@><0E=QBAO?! ">;8: 3>@4> >B25G0;, GB> 454 =8:>340 =5 ?@><0E8205BAO. 3>2>@8; MB> B0: A?>:>9=>, GB> =8 C :>3> =5 2>7=8:0;> A><=5=89 2 53> A;>20E. :0:-B> 02B><0B8G5A:8 25@8;>AL @07 8 =02A5340, GB> 8 A0< ">;8: =8:>340 =5 ?@><0E=QBAO 2 @5H0NI89 <><5=B.

 

=4@59 8@>=>2, 3. C@<0=A::

">;O @>64Q= 1K; >E>B=8:><. D30=8AB0=5, O 4C<0N, ?@>A=C;8AL 70;>65==K5 ?@8@>4>9 :0G5AB20. / C2;5:0NAL @K10;:>9 8 >E>B>9. "0: 2>B, AB@5;OBL ?> AB2>;C <5=O CG8; ">;8:. -B> AB@5;L10 =0 1;87:>5 @0AAB>O=85, :>340 <>3> @57C;LB0B0. %>@>H55 7@5=85, <5B:0O AB@5;L10, A54L<>5 GC2AB2>... ! B0:8<8 40==K<8 A0< 1>3 25;5; 54=8< 87 ;CGH8E 1>9F>2 ;CGH53> ?>4@0745;5=8O 70->9 !@.

 

8E08; 8B28=, 3. '5@=83>2:

 ">;8: >B;8G=> AB@5;O;. 70A040E =0 :0@020=K 2 B5<=>B5 A=8<0; 4CE>2 >4=>3> 70 4@C38<. >B>< 2ABC?0;8 2 83@C 2A5 >AB0;L=K5. / 1K; ?C;5<, => ?5@2>9 A:@8?:>9 2A5340 1K; >=. >1I5<, ?@8@>64Q==K9 2>8=.

 

3>@L >15;L, 3. !;02O=A::

= 1K; A0<5B:8< AB@5;:><, 2A5340 ?>?040; ?@>B82=8:C 2 3>;>2C. 0 5IQ 2 ?>;=>9 B5<=>B5, B.:. @07254:0 @01>B0;0 ?> =>G0<. ">;8: 1K; =0AB>OI8< 4@C3><, :>B>@K9 =5 7=0; AB@0E0. ?5@0F89 1K;> <=>3>. A5 ?@8:@K20;8 4@C3 4@C30. >42838 A>25@H0;8AL 5654=52=>, 8 MB> 1K;> 4;O =0A >1K45==0O 687=L. 8:B> =5 AG8B0; A51O 35@>5<.

 

0A8;89 @8A0, 3. 5@CA0;8<: 

- "@C4=> A59G0A 2A?><=8BL 2A5 2KE>4K 8 70A04K, 2 :>B>@KE ?@8=8<0;8 =8:>340 =5 AB0;:820;8AL A B@CA>ABLN 8;8 ?@540B5;LAB2>< A> AB>@>=K =0H8E B>20@8I59.

 

=4@59 8@>=>2, 3. C@<0=A::  

... #;>68BL 7 4CE>2 =>GLN, 8<5O =0 ;L:> D>AD>@=K5 =0A04:8 2>B MB> !2>5 4>7>@=KE =0 <>B>F8:;5, ?;NA 5IQ ?OBL MB> @01>B0 ">;8:0. >B B>340 =0HC<5;8 @51OB0! ! 1>5< CE>48;8 2 AB>@>=C 1@>=8. KB0A:820;0 8E 1@>=53@C??0 2AN =>GL. 5 701C4C BC =>GL...

 

0;5@89 3>@>2, 3. >2>A818@A::

- ">;8: MB> ">;8:! A;8 ?@8E>48;>AL 2 75;Q=:5 =0 =>GL >AB020BLAO, >= >B 3@C??K GCBL 2 AB>@>=C >B?>;70;, GB>1K ;CGH5 =>GL A;CH0BL.   C =53> 1K;, :0: O ?><=N, 7,62. !B0@8:8 4@C3>9 :0;81@ =5 ?@87=020;8. 70A045 >= 2A5340 ?5@2K< =0G8=0; AB@5;OBL B>;L:> A;KH=>, :0: 70B2>@ :;0F05B. @8:;04 53> 02B><0B0 25AL 2 70@C1:0E 1K;! !:>;L:> 8E, =5 AG8B0;, => B>G=> 1>;LH5 42CE 45AOB:>2!                                       

 

0A8;89 @8A0, 3. 5@CA0;8<:

- = 1K; ;CGH8< 1>9F><, ?>;L7>20;AO 70A;C65==K< 02B>@8B5B>< A@548 A>A;C682F52. 3> ;N18;8 8 C2060;8 2A5. ">;8: >B;8G=> AB@5;O;, 2A5340 1K; 2 3>;>2=>9 3@C??5. B 53> ?5@2KE 2KAB@5;>2 7028A5; CA?5E 1>52>9 >?5@0F88, 0 70G0ABCN 8 687=L 2A59 3@C??K. 2 B><, GB> <8, 5ABL =5<0;0O 53> 70A;C30.

 

!5@359 D8=4C;848, 3. 852:

            - >340 =0B>;89 ?@8HQ; 2 @07254@>BC, <5=O C65 2 @>B5 =5 1K;>. / ?>;CG8; @0=5=85 8 1K; >B?@02;5= 2 3>A?8B0;L. @>BC O 1>;LH5 =5 25@=C;AO... @> B>, GB> =0B>;89 AB@5;O; E>@>H>, <=5 @0AA:07K20; ;53 8A0@GC:. = B>65 87 8520, => A59G0A @01>B05B 70 3@0=8F59...  

 

0;5@89 3>@>2, 3. >2>A818@A::

- / ">;8:C A;C61>9 >1O70= ?>445@60; >= <5=O 2 ?5@2>< <>Q< 1>52>< 2KE>45. G5=L ?>445@60;. K B>340 ?>4E>4K : 15B>=:5 ?@>GQAK20;8. ?5@548 ?>;5 <5B@>2 300-400 H8@8=>9. ">;L:> G5@57 =53> ?5@51530BL, 2 >1E>4 40;5:>20B> 1K;>. / B>340 A E>48;, 25IL 4>2>;L=> BO6Q;0O (B>;L:> GB> ?@8HQ; 2 @07254:C, 2A5 =>28G:8 G5@57 ?@>E>48;8 - =0 2K=>A;82>ABL). "@CAF>9 8 G5H5< G5@57 MB> ?>;5, 8 345-B> =0 ?>;>28=5 70A28AB5;>. 740;5:0 AB@5;O;8, => <=5-B> :065BAO, GB> 2A5 ?C;8 =04> <=>9 A28ABOB! #?0;. 56C. BCB A;KHC: 'B> @07;Q3AO? 4QHL, :>340 ?@8AB@5;ONBAO? 53><, B2>N <0BL!.. >4=8<0N 3>;>2C ">;8: AB>8B. / 568AL, ">;O=, AB@5;ONB! >= :0: 70@O48B <=5 ?8=:0 ?> :>?G8:C: 53>1I5<, ?@>;5B5; O >AB0B>: ?>;O, =5 ?><=N, :0:. !20;8;AO 2 0@K:. C, 4C<0N 2AQ, 70G<>@OB! ">;O= ?>4>HQ; 8 3>2>@8B: 5 1>9AO, 3>@, 2A5 G5@57 MB> ?@>H;8! >@<0;L=> 2AQ 1C45B! ?> ?;5GC ?>E;>?0;. #25@5==>ABL 2A5;8; 2 <5=O. >765 : A515 2 4>7>@ 701@0;.

 

8E08; 8B28=, 3. '5@=83>2:

- = 1K; >B;8G=K< ?0@=5< A ?@5:@0A=K< E0@0:B5@><. 5<=>3>A;>2=K9. A;8 GB>-B> 3>2>@8;, B> ?> 45;C. A;8 GB>-B> >15I0;, B> 2A5340 8A?>;=O; >15I0==>5. 0 =53> <>6=> 1K;> ?>;>68BLAO 2 B@C4=CN <8=CBC.

 

0A8;89 @8A0, 3. 5@CA0;8<:

=0B>;89 1K; >G5=L >B25BAB25==K< 1>9F>< 8 25@=K< 4@C3><. = 2>>1I5 =5 7=0;, GB> B0:>5 ;>6L, 1K; A:@><=K<, O 1K 4065 A:070;, 70AB5=G82K<. 5 ?><=N, GB>1K >= :@8G0;. >2>@8; 2A5340 B8E> 8 A?>:>9=>, => B2Q@4K<, C25@5==K< 3>;>A><. 065 >B0, ?>4JQ= =5 2K:@8:820;, 0 :0:-B> 3@><:> ?@>3>20@820;, GB> 4>E>48;> 4> CH59 2A5E. # =53> 1K; A2>5>1@07=K9 B0Q6=K9 N<>@. = <>3 2 A0<8=CBC A:070BL 2A53> ?0@C A;>2, 8 MB> ?>445@6820;> 2A5E 8 ?>4=8<0;> =0AB@>5=85...

 

0;5@89 3>@>2, 3. >2>A818@A::

- / =07K20; 53> '8A09=0, B.5. 5H89 (3;02=K9 35@>9 ?@8:;NG5=G5A:>3> D8;L<0 5 AB02LB5 5H5<. . >@L:>3>, 1981 3.) 8=> A<>B@5; 2 45BAB25, 2@570;>AL 2 ?0;8: =0AB>OI89 '8A09=0. !?>:>9AB28O 5 =5 70=8<0BL, :0: 8 <5B:>AB8. 4=8< A;>2>< '8A09=0!

 

*    *    *

 

... >A;5 3>40 A;C61K 2 D30=8AB0=5 =0B>;8O C@=0:>20 ?@54AB028;8 : <540;8 0 >B203C. 1 MB>< =0B>;89 =0?8A0; A2>59 A5AB@5 =D8A5 2 D52@0;O 1984 3>40. 8AL<> E@0=8BAO 2 %0:0AA:>< =0F8>=0;L=>< :@05254G5A:><

 

*    *    *

 

3>@L >15;L, 3. !;02O=A::

- 4=064K : =0< ?@85760; =0G0;L=8: HB010 40->9 0@<88 35=5@0;-<09>@ . . "5@-@83>@LO=F (A;C68; 2 D30=8AB0=5 A A5@548=K 1981 3>40 4> :>=F0 1983 3>40). ;>68;8, GB> =0H0 @>B0 A0<0O 1>520O. 3> C4828;>, GB> 2 @>B5 <0;> =03@064Q==KE. = ?>4>HQ; : ">;8:C, A?@>A8;, =5 C715: ;8 >=, =0 GB> ">;8: 3>@4> >B25B8;, GB> >= E0:0A. 0GHB010 ?>8=B5@5A>20;AO, 345 =0E>48BAO 53> @>48=0 8 A:>;L:> ?@>B82=8:>2 >= C=8GB>68;, 5ABL ;8 C =53> =03@04K. ">;8: A:070;, GB> =03@04 =5 8<55B, 8 =0G0; 703810BL ?0;LFK =0 @C:0E, ?>B>< >B25B8;, GB> ?> 53> ?>4AGQB0< ?>;CG05BAO 18 C18BKE. 5=5@0; ?@8:070; =5<54;5==> ?@54AB028BL 53> : >@45=C. "0: ">;8: ?>;CG8; =03@04C, :>B>@CN 4>;65= 1K; ?>;CG8BL 5IQ 402=>. B5 2@5<5=0 @C:>2>4AB2> AB@0=K 1K;> A:C?> =0 =03@04K. E 4020;8 8;8 ?>A<5@B=>, 8;8 ?@8 C2>;L=5=88 2 70?0A. ">;8:, :0: 8 2A5 @51OB0, :064CN =545;N A>25@H0; ?>4283. A;8 1K 70 2A5 ?>42838 4020;8 =03@04K, ">;8: ?>;CG8; 1K 1>;LH5 2A5E.

 

=4@59 8@>=>2, 3. C@<0=A::

- # ">;8:0 1K;> =5<0;> 459AB289 4;O ?>;CG5=8O =03@04K...

 

0;5@89 3>@>2, 3. >2>A818@A::

- K B>340 ?>4 0E0468@K A0?Q@>2 ?@8:@K20;8 A ;52>3> D;0=30. "0< 4CE8 2A5340 :@5?>ABL >1AB@5;820;8. #B@>< B>;L:> 2BO=C;8AL 2 75;Q=:C, >=8 =0A 8 ?@860;8. @KG>: <5;:89 ?>?0;AO. =0 A?8=5 B>@G0B, 4CE8 8 ;C?OB ?> =8<. >?>;7;8 4> 4>@>38, ?>4 =59 B@C10 - 5;5-5;5 157 1CH;0B0 ?@>B8A=CBLAO. !0=O E<04C;;8= A @048AB>< 8 @5H8;8 ?>25@EC ?@>@20BLAO, ?@8:@K20O 4@C3 4@C30. !0=O @048AB0 ?@8:@K;, 0 B>@ >1AB@5;0 ?5@5:@K20;. >340 !0=O 2KA:>G8; =0 4>@>3C, A=09?5@ 53> 8 4>AB0;, BO65;> @0=8;. 0: ?>B>< 2KOA=8;>AL, =0 GQ@=KE 08AB>2 =0@20;8AL. !0=O =0 4>@>35 ;568B, AB>=5B. ">;8: C@=0:>2 A !5@Q659 ><0:8=K< 4K<>< 4>@>3C 70:840;8 8 !0=N 2KB0I8;8. 5<15;O! 0A =5 ?CAB8;8, A0<8 ?>;57;8! 0;> B>3>, :B>-B> 87 =8E ?>B>< 70 !0=8=>9 H0?:>9 ;078;! :>@<>9 2 28=>3@04=8: 2;><8;0AL. !0=N 2 45A0=B. > 3>A?8B0;O =5 4>BO=C;, 2 25@BCH:5 A:>=G0;AO. / A !0=59 A CG51:8 2<5AB5 1K;, ?>MB> 2AQ ?><=N. ">340-B> 8 ?@54AB02;O;8 ">;8:0 A ><>< =0 B203C.  

 

0A8;89 @8A0, 3. 5@CA0;8<:  

- C;O 2>H;0 A> A?8=K 2 >1;0ABL A5@4F0 8, 2848<>, 7045;0 ?>72>=>G=8:. >38 1K;8 ?0@0;87>20=K, 8 !0H0, :>=5G=> 65, 1K; 157 A>7=0=8O. / 8A?>;=O; 2=5HB0B=> >1O70==>AB8 A0=8B0@0. 'QB:> ?><=N, GB> ?@8AB53=C; 70?02H89 O7K: 1C;02:>9 : C3;C @B0 8 =0G0; 45;0BL 8A:CAAB25==>5 4KE0=85, 0 3>@L >15;L, 2B>@>9 A0=8B0@, <0AA06 A5@4F0. @>45 7025;8. >4J5E0;0 . !0HC M20:C8@>20;8, ?>B>< 4065 A>>1I8;8 ?> A2O78, GB> >= 682. > @04>ABL =0H0 1K;0 :>@>B:>9. @>AB> <>;>4>5 8 74>@>2>5 A5@4F5 =5 E>B5;> A4020BLAO. B5G5=85 10-15 <8=CB =0< A>>1I8;8, GB> !0H0 ?>381. K A45;0;8 2AQ, GB> <>3;8. ><=N, :0: 53> ?@87K20 0AO C40@5: 2AB0; 2 ?>;=K9 @>AB 87 0@K:0 8 AB@5;O; 87 4;8==K<8 >G5@54O<8, :>340 2KB0A:820;8 !0HC.

 

*    *    *

 

#:07>< @57848C<0 5@E>2=>3> !>25B0 !!! 197-%>B 17 <0O 1984 3>40 320@488 AB0@H89 A5@60=B, 70<5AB8B5;L :><0=48@0 @07254272>40 =0B>;89 =0=L528G C@=0:>2 70 CA?5H=>5 2K?>;=5=85 7040=8O ?> >:070=8N 8=B5@=0F8>=0;L=>9 ?><>I8 5<>:@0B8G5A:>9 5A?C1;8:5 D30=8AB0= =03@064Q= >@45=>< @0A=>9 2574K. =03@04=>< ;8AB5 70?8A0=>: ... ?5@8>4 A 11 >:BO1@O ?> 20 >:BO1@O 1983 3>40 2 A>AB025 @07254K20B5;L=>9 @>BK ?@8=8<0; CG0AB85 2 ?@>GQAK20=88 8 C=8GB>65=88 10=4 2 2 75;Q=>9 7>=5 ?@>28=F88 0=4030@. 

18 >:BO1@O 1983 3>40 @O4>2>9 (?) # . . ?>;CG8; 7040GC ?@8:@KBL >3=Q< >BE>4 @>BK : 1@>=53@C??5. K1@02 C4>1=CN >3=52CN ?>78F8N <5B:8< >3=Q< 87 ?C;5B2;Q: >3>=L 2 =0 A51O, >15A?5G82 B5< A0?0A=K9 2KE>4 @>BK : 1@>=53@C??5.

             ><0=48@ 70 >B45;L=>9 320@459A:>9 <>B>AB@5;:>2>9 1@8304K

320@488 ?>4?>;:>2=8: . >38=>2.

 

*    *    *

 

20@488 AB0@H89 A5@60=B C@=0:>2 1K; C2>;5= 2 70?0A 2 <05 1984 3>40. >A;5 45<>18;870F88 @01>B0; 307>M;5:B@>A20@I8:>< =0 702>45 03>=<0H 2 3. 10:0=. @45= @0A=>9 2574K =0HQ; A2>53> E>7O8=0 >A5=LN 1984 3>40. 03@04C 2@CG0;8 =0 702>45. B>B 45=L 2 %0:0A8N A 30AB@>;O<8 ?@85E0; >A8D >17>=. !2>9 ?5@2K9 :>=F5@B >= 4020; =0 03>=<0H5. BCB B0:>5 45;>! 4=>:;0AA=8: =0B>;8O -4C0@4 ;1KG0:>2 (8E @01>G85 <5AB0 2 F5E5 =0E>48;8AL @O4><) @0AA:07K205B: >A8D 02K4>28G ?>74@028; ">;8:0 A =03@04>9 8 @0AA:070;, :0: 5748; 2 D30=8AB0=. = B0< 1K;, >:07K205BAO, <=>3> @07. 0 702>45 =8:B>, :@><5 A0 ">;O A;C68; 2 D30=8AB0=5. = =8:> =5 @0AA:07K20;. 0:>2> 65 1K;> C482;5=85 @01>G8E, :>340 C7=0;8, GB> @O4>< A =8<8 @01>B05B >@45=>=>A5F! "0:8< A:@><=K< 1K; ">;8:.

 

*    *    *

 

>765 =0B>;89 ?5@55E0; 2 ?. A:87. !B0; @01>B0BL 2 203>==>< 45?>. 19 O=20@O 1985 3>40 65=8;AO =0 0@8=5 >;LG8:>2>9. 25 023CAB0 1985 3>40 C =8E @>48;AO <0;LG8:, =0720;8 53> ;5:A0=4@.

4=064K ">;O ?>5E0; =0 @>48=C 2 A. 5@E=OO "QO : @>48B5;O<. 0;LH5 A> A;>2 AB0@H59 A5AB@K C87K, ?@8HQ; >4=>A5;LG0=8=, ?>?@>A8; ?><>GL @073@C78BL A 0<-0 ?@8F5?=K5 3@01;8 : B@0:B>@C 4;O C1>@:8 A5=0. ">;O A C4>2>;LAB285< A>3;0A8;AO. @8 @073@C7:5 A>@20;AO A :C7>20 <0H8=K, C?0; =0 A?8=C, ?>B5@O; A>7=0=85. !@07C >B:070;8 @C:8 8 =>38. K; ?>AB02;5= 4803=>7: ?5@5;>< H59=>3> ?>72>=:0. @>>?5@8@>20;8 2 10:0=5. C:8 8 =>38 >AB0;8AL =5?>4286=K<8, => A0< 1K; 2 A>7=0=88. ">;O ?>=8<0;, GB> 1C45B =5;53:>. AQ 2@52B>@O;: %>BO 1K @C:8 @01>B0;8, O 1K <>3 @8A>20BL. > @>2=> G5@57 =545;N ?>A;5 >?5@0F88 30 8N=O 1991 3>40 53> =5 AB0;>. >B B0: =5;5?> >1>@20;0AL 53> 687=L. K;> 5 29 ;5B.

=0B>;89 C@=0:>2 ?>E>@>=5= =0 A5;LA:>< :;0418I5 A5;0 5@E=OO "QO A:87A:>3> @09>=0 5A?C1;8:8 %0:0A8O. '5@57 4 3>40 C<5@;0 53> 65=0. 2007 3>4C 2 " ?>381 AK= !0H0. = 1K; ABC45=B>< 3-3> :C@A0 D878:>-<0B5<0B8G5A:>3> D0:C;LB5B0  %0:0AA:>3> 3>AC40@AB25==>3> C=825@A8B5B0.

>B B0: A;>68;0AL =0 3@0640=:5 AC4L10 ;8E>3> @07254G8:0, >4=>3> 87 ;CGH8E 1>9F>2 ;CGH53> ?>4@0745;5=8O 70->9 !@.

 

*    *    *

 

            15 D52@0;O 2018 3. =0 D0A045 #ABL-'C;A:>9 A@54=59 >1I5>1@07>20B5;L=>9 H:>;K CAB0=>2;5=0 <5<>@80;L=0O 4>A:0 2>8=C-8=B5@=0F8>=0;8ABC, :020;5@C >@45=0 @0A=>9 2574K =0B>;8N =0=L528GC C@=0:>2C. MB>9 H:>;5 ">;O CG8;AO A 4-3> ?> 10-K9 :;0AAK.   B>B 65 45=L 1K;> ?@>2545=> >B:@KB>5 ?5@25=AB2> A:87A:>3> @09>=0 A@548 H:>;L=8:>2 ?> AB@5;L15 87 ?=52<0B8G5A:>9 28=B>2:8 ?0B206=>3> @07254G8:0. >1548B5;O< 8 ?@87Q@0< 2@CG5=K <540;8 8 45=56=K5 ?@87K. !0<> ?@8A2>5=> ?>GQB=>5 720=85 C@=0:>2A:89 AB@5;>: A 2@CG5=85< A?5F80;L=>3> ?@870. $8=0=A>2CN ?>445@6:C >:070;8 @09>==0O 04<8=8AB@0F8O 8 A?>=A>@K.

            15 D52@0;O 2019 3. A>@52=>20=8O ?@>2545=K 2> 2B>@>9 @07. 0 B>@65AB25==>< >B:@KB88 A 2845>?@825BAB285< 8 A ?>65;0=85< CA?5E>2 : N=K< AB@5;:0< >1@0B8;8AL 1K2H89 :><0=48@ @07254@>BK, ?>;:>2=8: 2 >BAB02:5  OG5A;02 !QAB>2-=0->=C) 8 A>A;C6825F, 1>52>9 B>20@8I =0B>;8O C@=0:>20 0A8;89 @8A0 (3. 5@CA0;8<). B:@KB>5 ?5@25=AB2> ?> AB@5;L15 87 ?=52<0B8G5A:>9 28=B>2:8 ?08=0-8=B5@=0F8>=0;8AB0 70=O;> 4>AB>9=>5 <5AB> 2 A?>@B82=>< :0;5=40@5 A:87A:>3> @09>=0 5A?C1;8:8 %0:0A8O, 1C45B ?@>2>48BLAO 5653>4=>.

             22 D52@0;O 2018 3. =0B>;89 C@=0:>2 1K; =03@064Q= (?>A<5@B=>) 0< 7=0:>< 0=4030@ 7>=0 >B25BAB25==>AB8 .3 ?>4 500. =8F80B>@>< 2KABC?8; !5@359 C?F>2, @5:><5=4>20; OG5A;02 !Q5 E@0=5=85 2 9 A@54=59 >1I5>1@07>20B5;L=>9 H:>;K.

 

;5:A59 >@3>O:>2, 3. 10:0=.   

 

*    *    *        

 




--
;5:A59 >@3>O:>2